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Comparison of triglyceride-glucose index and anthropometric obesity indices in predicting severe grades of hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease among non-diabetic obese individuals
1Department of Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkiye
2Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkiye
3Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkiye
Hepatology Forum 2024; 5(3): 113-119 DOI: 10.14744/hf.2023.2023.0049 PMCID: PMC11237241
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Background and Aim: The triglyceride glucose index (TyG) has been proposed as a promising indicator of both insulin resistance (IR) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the efficacy of the TyG index in predicting NAFLD has not been adequately studied, particularly in obese individuals.
Material and Methods: We analyzed 190 morbidly obese individuals. The TyG index, anthropometric obesity indices, homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), and biochemical parameters were compared. NAFLD was diagnosed by hepatic ultrasonography and classified into four grades (0, 1, 2, and 3). Individuals in grades 2 and 3 are considered to have severe steatosis, while those in grades 0 and 1 do not.
Results: The area under the curve (AUC) values of the TyG index, body mass index, neck circumferences, waist-to-hip ratio, and HOMA-IR did not differ significantly in predicting severe steatosis (0.640, 0.742, 0.725, 0.620, and 0.624 respectively). However, the AUC values of waist circumference and alanine aminotransferase provided better predictions than the TyG index (0.782, 0.744, and 0.640 respectively).
Conclusion: The TyG index is highly effective in predicting both the presence and severity of NAFLD. However, it did not outperform simple obesity indices in predicting NAFLD and its severity in obese patients.