2Department of Pharmacognosy, Duzce University Faculty of Pharmacy, Duzce, Turkiye
3Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medical Sciences, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkiye
The liver is the main organ for metabolic and detoxification reactions in the body. Therefore, its diseases can be associated with both metabolic disorders, such as insulin resistance, obesity, diabetes, or dyslipidemia, and exogenous insults such as drugs, xenobiotics, or alcohol. Indeed, lifestyle changes are the primary approaches for the prevention and treatment of liver diseases. Since ancient times, herbals have also been used for preventive and therapeu-tic purposes, because of their anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxi-dant effects. Here, the literature was reviewed for potential therapeutic effects of plants and their compounds by including in vitro and in vivo studies, as well as clinical trials. Although the available data imply some beneficial roles of herbals on the liver, the indications and posology of specific plants need to be clarified through multicenter, randomized clinical trials.