2Department of Gastroenterology, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkiye
Background and Aim: Early diagnosis and treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) disease are important for the prevention of complications such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular cancer. Liver biopsy is an invasive, complicated, and expensive diagnostic method, which is the gold standard for detecting fibrosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of these tests in predicting liver fibrosis and treatment decision.
Material and Methods: A total of 1051 patients diagnosed with CHB between 2010 and 2020 in the Gaziantep University Gastroenterology Department were retrospectively evaluated. AAR, API, APRI, FIB-4, KING score, and FIBROQ score were calculated at the time of onset diagnosis. In addition, the Zeugma score, a new formula that is thought to be more sensitive and specific, was determined. Noninvasive fibrosis scores were compared according to the biopsy results of the patients
Results: In this study, the area values under the curve were 0.648 for the API score, 0.711 for the APRI score, 0.716 for the FIB-4 score, 0.723 for the KING score, 0.595 for the FIBROQ score, and 0.701 for the Zeugma score (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was obtained for the AAR score. The KING, FIB-4, APRI, and Zeugma scores were the best indicators for detecting advanced fibrosis. For KING, FIB-4, APRI, and Zeugma scores, the cutoff value for the prediction of advanced fibrosis were ≥8.67, ≥0.94, ≥16.24, and ≥9.63 with a sensitivity of 50.52%, 56.77%, 59.64%, and 52.34%, specificity of 87.26%, 74.96%, 73.61%, and 78.11%, respectively (p<0.05). In our study, we compared the globulin and GGT parameters with fibrosis, which we used in the Zeugma score formula. Globulin and GGT mean values were significantly higher in the fibrosis group (p<0.05). There was a statistically significant correlation between fibrosis and globulin and GGT values (p<0.05, r=0.230 and p<0.05, r=0.305, respectively).
Conclusion: The KING score was found to be the most reliable method for the noninvasive detection of hepatic fibrosis in patients with chronic HBV. The FIB-4, APRI, and Zeugma scores were also shown to be effective in determining liver fibrosis. It was shown that the AAR score was not sufficient for detecting hepatic fibrosis. The Zeugma score, a novel noninvasive test, is a useful and easy tool to evaluate liver fibrosis in patients with chronic HBV and has better accuracy than AAR, API, and FIBROQ.